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    • Business Duty to Respect
      Business enterprises have the responsibility to respect human rights wherever they operate regardless of their size or industry, they must know—and show—that they respect human rights in all their operations.
      • Labor rights: Companies have a duty to ensure they do not participate in or benefit from discrimination or harassment; underpayment of wages or unreasonable working hours; an unsafe workplace; restrictions on collective bargaining; forced labor; or child labor?
      • Right to life and security of the person: Companies have a duty to ensure that security personnel employed for safety are properly trained in the appropriate use of force. They must ensure that they have workplace policies that protect against bullying, injury or death. They must provide assistance and redress to people affected by their security policies.
      • Right to health: Companies have a duty to provide assistance and redress to people affected by industrial accidents, spillages or contamination in the course of their activities.
      • Right to housing and an adequate standard of living: Companies have a duty to examine and address the impacts of business activities on the land, housing, water, farming and employment needs of the local community in which they operate.
      • Rights of Indigenous peoples: Companies have a duty to consult with their host community to secure their free, prior and informed consent when acquiring land for the purpose of executing their business activity.
      To meet this obligation:
      • Companies must ensure compliance with all local laws that protect human rights in the jurisdiction where they operate.
      • Companies must undertake ongoing human rights due diligence to identify, prevent, mitigate and account for their human rights impacts.
      • Companies must have processes in place to enable remediation for any adverse human rights impacts they cause or contribute to.
      • Companies must adopt, implement and integrate a human rights policy commitment throughout the company’s operations and supply chain to respect human rights.
      • Companies must implement a credible and transparent system of internal and independent monitoring and reporting of your human rights policy, its implementation and its impacts.
      Businesses are expected to comply with all laws and respect internationally recognized human rights within their spheres of operations. Nigeria has ratified the International Bill of Human Rights, corporations, therefore, have no excuse to avoid compliance with domestic and international human rights laws.
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    • Duty to Remedy
      One of the fundamental principles of the international human rights system is that when a right is violated, victims must have access to an effective remedy. Thus, when a business enterprise abuses human rights:
      • States must ensure that the people affected can access an effective remedy through the judicial court system or other legitimate non-judicial process. They must also ensure these mechanisms are able to effectively address business-related human rights abuses, and do not erect barriers (such as administrative fees or lack of language interpreters) that prevent victims from presenting their cases.
      • Companies, for their part, are expected to establish or participate in effective grievance mechanisms for any individuals or communities adversely impacted by their operations.
      • Multi-stakeholder and other collaborative initiatives based on human rights-related standards like NGO’s can also contribute to providing effective access to remedy.
      Effective grievance mechanisms should be:
      • Legitimate
      • Accessible
      • Predictable
      • Equitable
      • Transparent, and
      • Rights-compatible
      Owing to the non-binding nature of the United Nations Guiding Principles and other similar voluntary initiatives, their success is hinged on an individual country National Action Plan on business and human rights which will ensure that negative impact of businesses on human rights are comprehensively, systematically and specifically addressed within the context of the specific country.
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    • Objectives and Initialization

      The core objectives of the standing NBH-2R are to:

      1. Develop a National Action Plan for Business and Human Rights in Nigeria based on the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.
      2. Develop principles to ensure respect for the best interests of host communities by the business sector in Nigeria’s  particular contexts;
      3. Promote compliance with relevant international guidelines on business and human rights, especially the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights;
      4. Promote commitment of the business sector to ‘human rights due diligence’ as defined by the UN Guiding Principles, including assessing actual and potential human rights impacts of their activities, integrating and acting upon the findings, tracking responses, and communicating how impacts are addressed;
      5. Monitor compliance with national laws that govern business and human rights, and report infringements to the relevant State and other authorities (including companies themselves) for action;
      6. Make recommendations for strengthening the response of  relevant State and other authorities to reports of violations of the law; 

      Identify, encourage and replicate good and sustainable investment practices and enhance the promotion and protection of economic, social and cultural rights and other associated

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    • 1 year ago

    • State Duty to Protect
      States have the duty under international human rights law to protect everyone within their territory and/or jurisdiction from human rights abuses committed by business enterprises. What they must do
      • The State must have effective laws and regulations in place to prevent and address business-related human rights abuses and ensure access to effective remedy for those whose rights have been abused.
      • Set clear expectations that companies domiciled in their territory/jurisdiction must respect human rights in-country and in every country and context in which they operate.
      Did you know that? Where states fail to prevent, investigate, punish and redress business actors’ abuse, you can hold them accountable for breach of their human rights obligations under international law.
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